For the past couple months my beloved Mosin Nagant 91/30 has been on lockdown at my Dad’s place waiting to make the trip to Northern Colorado into my loving arms. Back around Christmas we flew as a family and I didn’t care to attempt flying with a gun (though it’s 100% legit) while the little ones were with us. So, when family made the trip out to visit it meant my Mosin and a couple hundred round of ammo made the trip too.
About a month ago I had a minor argument with my buddy Owen over at ALLAK47.com regarding comparison specs of the Soviet 7.62x54R rimmed rifle round in service since 1891 WAY out east. Anyway, I mentioned that the 7.62x54R was the most similar to the American 30-06 Springfield round and Owen quickly corrected me saying it’s most ballistically similar to the 7.62×51 NATO (or .308 Winchester for sporters). It was one of those times where I was 100% convinced I was correct but upon more recent research it occurred to me that I’d need to eat crow and apologize because Owen was right. Military pressures of the 30-06 fairly well surpass those of the 7.62x54R (again, the “R” stands for rimmed referring to the little RIM around the base of the shell aiding in extracting. It’s also cheaper to mass produce than rimmed ammo).
Even with a longer barrel (28 inches at roughly 2700 ft/s), the 7.62x54R can’t stack up to the 30-06. The problem? Well I guess it’s the solution… Essentially being a smaller overall size and weight, this means the shooter can carry more 7.62 NATO ammo on hand pound for pound than the 54R cartridges. Is it accurate? Yes. Is it cheap to buy? Yes. Is it the best round out there? No. Unfortunately, the debate about the best and most versatile rifle round is still just that. A debate that will continue endlessly until the cease of civilization. What do you think the best rifle round is?